Fig – Properties and medicinal uses

The fig tree, which bears a fleshy, sweet, hollow and peared shape fruit (fig) is of the botanical family Moraceae. It is a deciduous tree having numerous fruits, and can give up to two crops a year.

The figs contains:
* About 15.9% by weight of carbohydrate which are mainly simple sugars (fructose and glucose), and very little disaccharides
* About 0.3% only of fat, which shows that its fat content is low
* Less than 1% of proteins
* Contains vitamin E and almost all the B vitamins but lack vitamin A and C
* When it comes to minerals, they contains high amounts of calcium, potassium, magnesium and iron. Trace minerals includes zinc, manganese and copper

Health benefits / medicinal uses of Figs

Figs acts as a diuretic and as a laxative. They are easily digested and have a soothing effect on the bronchial passages and even the digestive tract. Therefore, the consumption of fig is highly recommended in the following cases:

Bronchial disorders
The consumption of figs can make a good impacton bronchial passages, by:
* Soothing the respiratory tract
* Relieving cough
* Fighting infections
* Facilitating expectoration
They are also highly recommended in cases of:
* Chronic bronchitis
* Respiratory infections.

Figs, whether dried or fresh, helps relieves constipation by soothing the digestive tract and also improving the intestinal peristalsis (wave like movement of the intestine to make feces moves downwards).

Moreover, figs are highly recommended for lactating or pregnant women, athletes and even students, due to its high-energy content, easy digestibility and of course, highly nutritious content.

By Abbati

Abbati studied Biological sciences at Ahmadu Bello Univeristy, Zaria. He loves learning about the medicinal properties of foods, and the need to explore them!