Chilblains (Erythema pernio)- Causes, symptoms, prevention and treatment

Chilblains also called Erythema pernio, are due to inadequate blood circulation in the tiny capillaries that supply the skin. Chilblain are responses to extremely cold temperature, thus, are caused by extreme cold temperatures. Moreover, people affected by Lupus, Raynaud’s syndrome and those who smoke, are at a higher risk of getting affected by chilblains.
Chilblains are of two types, Chronic(Can last for at least 4-5 months of the year, for at least three years} and Acute {can only last for at least two-three months} .

Symptoms of chilblains
They manifest themselves as
* an inflammatory red swellings of the hands or feet, these red swellings may eventually turn into blisters in chronic cases
* Itchy and painful bumps in the affected areas.

Prevention and treatment of chilblains
There are several ways by which chilblains can be prevented, and these includes

* Wearing gloves and warm clothes during cold weather
* keep active during the day to improve blood circulation
* Avoid wearing tight shoes
* Avoid smoking because it damages blood vessels and can make chilblains worse
* Take in hot drinks.

Treatment of child brains can be done using compresses of appropriate medicinal plants. Keeping the affected areas warm also helps in treating chilblains.
Certain foods can improve the conditions of the blood capillaries and circulation, thus, are highly recommended in cases of chilblains, and they include:


Certain foods are also known to aggravate the condition, and must be reduced or completely eliminated for an effective treatment, and they include:

TOBACCO {which fosters chilblains by constricting the arteries and reducing blood flow}, ALCOHOLIC and STIMULANT BEVERAGES.

By Abbati

Abbati studied Biological sciences at Ahmadu Bello Univeristy, Zaria. He loves learning about the medicinal properties of foods, and the need to explore them!