Broccoli – Properties and medicinal uses

As a great medicinal food with lots of values to the human body, broccoli is discussed below.
The broccoli, also called
* Asparagus broccoli or
* Calabrese, is the inflorescence and stalks of the broccoli ‘Brassica oleracea’ L. var. ‘italica’, a herbaceous plant of the botanical family Cruciferae.
The broccoli looks similar to cauliflower only that the inflorescences of broccoli are formed of larger, less tightly packed flowers and also their color varies from green to violet. Even though broccoli and cauliflower are very similar, more broccoli and less cauliflower is being eaten, mainly due to the broccoli surpassing the cauliflower in flavor and also causes less flatulence than cauliflower.
Broccoli is cultivated in large quantities in America as well as in Europe.


Broccoli is one of the richest cabbages in terms of nutrients, belonging to the Crucifer family.
Its components includes:
* Proteins in rich amounts
* Beta-carotene (provitamin A) and vitamin C in moderate/satisfying amounts
* Rich in Potassium and calcium. But very low in Sodium
* Contains anticarcinogenic sulfurated phytochemicals as do all Crucifers.


The following are the broccoli’s therapeutic applications:

* Cancer
The high levels of phytochemicals and provitamin A (beta-carotene) makes broccoli, along with other Crucifers ( cabbages of the same botanical family), a strong anticarcinogenic food ( foods that prevents the development of cancer).

* Coronary disease
The low calorie content of broccoli, its low sodium but high potassium content, and also its paucity of fats, makes is appropriate /beneficial for those suffering from heart failure at any phase.
The broccoli, acts as a decongestive to the circulatory system and the heart through the elimination of excess liquid retained in the edema (tissues).

* Diabetes
Due to the very low level of sugars present in broccoli,it is highly recommended to be present in the diet of the diabetics (people suffering from diabetes).

* Obesity
Broccoli produces a certain feeling of satiety and also contains very low amount of calories, which makes them highly recommended in the obese (people suffering from obesity) diets.

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By Abbati

Abbati studied Biological sciences at Ahmadu Bello Univeristy, Zaria. He loves learning about the medicinal properties of foods, and the need to explore them!