Turnip, is the roots and leaves of the turnip plant ('Brassica rapa'
L.), of the botanical family Cruciferae.
¤ an enlarged root with no sprouts,
¤ a greenish calcium-rich leaves, which are more nutritious than the
turnip itself in terms of minerals and vitamins,
¤ a white or reddish external color, and
¤ a white or yellowish internal color.
PROPERTIES / COMPOSITION OF TURNIP
It contains the following :
¤ considerably large amount of water, about 92%
¤ carbohydrates, representing about 4.43%
¤ about 0.9% of proteins
¤ a low fat content of about 0.1%
¤ a quite high amount of fiber, about 1.8%
¤ vitamins, mainly B complex vitamins in small amount, and vitamin C
in moderate amounts. Turnip lacks provitamin A, and vitamin E.
¤ minerals, mainly potassium and sodium in rich amounts. Other
minerals in small amounts are calcium, phosphorus and iron.
HEALTH/ MEDICINAL BENEFITS OF TURNIP
Considering the properties/ composition of turnip, we can conclude
that, when taken as a whole the turnip provides
* little energy
* considerable amount of fiber
* considerable amounts of minerals as well as vitamins
* virtually no fat.
The turnips non-nutritive compounds accounts for its medicinal
benefits, yet the turnip acts as
* an alkalizer
* a diuretic, and
* a depurant
The above properties accounts for its therapeutic indications as follows:
¤ OBESITY – Turnips composition ( containing virtually no fat) with
few calories provides a sensation of satiety. Hence, their composition
paves way for an effective weight loss diets.
¤ URATIC ARTHRITIS (gout) – Uric acid is produced whenever the body
metabolizes proteins. When there is an excess of this substance, it
creates a toxic situation in the body in which uric acid crystals are
deposited mainly in the joints, causing rheumatic pain and
The regular eating of turnips facilitates the urinary elimination of
this uric acid. It cleanses the blood of uric acid and other metabolic
Thus, the regular consumption of turnip, provider relief for those
suffering from rhematic pain or other with gout.