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Hypertension, also called high blood pressure, is said to occur when the maximum blood (systolic) pressure exceeds 140 mm Hg, or the minimum blood (diastolic) pressure exceeds 90 mm Hg, or the combination of both.
The blood must maintain a certain pressure in the arteries in order to circulate properly to all tissues, but when these pressure is deviated, hypertension sets in. Hypertension is considered as a deadly disorder because it does not produce symptoms, but slowly destroys the arteries and various important body organs.
Hypertension and Smoking
As already known, cigarettes contains nicotine. Nicotine is a substance that is very dangerous to the health, it is known as a vasoconstrictor, as it contracts the arteries. Due to this, smoking causes an increase in blood pressure. From several researches conducted, it has been shown that just a single cigarette can increase blood pressure significantly and almost instantly.

Recommended diet

Hypertension can be aggravated or caused by certain foods. The type of food we eat goes a long way in maintaining a healthy blood pressure. It is thus said, “ the more vegetables and fruits eaten, the lesser the risk of hypertension”. Below is a table showing foods that should be increased and those that should be eliminated in a person’s diet who is willing to avoid hypertension.

Increase ▲Eliminate ▼
Potassium,calcium, magnesiumAlcoholic and stimulant beverages
GuavaSaturated fats
Depurant vegetable brothSausages and Ham
Diuretic foods

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Abbati is a student from the department of Biological sciences, Ahmadu Bello Univeristy, Zaria. He loves learning about the medicinal properties of foods, and the need to explore them!

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