Hepatitis – Causes, types, symptoms, treatment and recommemded diets

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Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver caused by a virus, medication, alcohol or a toxin. In most cases hepatitis is caused by a virus, which causes inflammation and destruction of liver cells.
However, when the infection subsides, the liver usually recovers and function normally. Hepatitis caused by a virus can be classified into five main types, the Hepatitis Virus A, B, C, D, and E

Hepatitis A
This type of hepatitis is caused by eating food or drinking water infected with a virus called Hepatitis A Virus {HAV}. It is usually an acute /mild condition and recovers after a short period of time.

Hepatitis B
This in most cases is a sexually transmitted disease, caused by Hepatitis B Virus {HBV} .It can be contacted through the use of unsterilized needles, syringes, and razors. Also, the sharing of tooth brushes, breast feeding {a baby can contact it from his infected mother} and also a bite from an infected person can make way for transmission of the virus. It is usually chronic, and may eventually result in cancer.

Hepatitis C
It is caused by hepatitis C virus {HCV}, it is usually spread through direct contact with the blood of an infected person. It makes the liver swell up and may eventually lead to its damage.

Hepatitis D
This type is only common to patients with Hepatitis B virus. It can be spread through contact with the blood of an infected person, and the piercing of the skin with infected sharp objects. This also makes the liver to be inflamed.

Hepatitis E
This is mainly contacted through drinking of water /something else containing the Hepatitis E Virus {HEV}. This condition is less chronic but can as well make the liver inflamed.

Apart from this types of hepatitis, there are also hepatitis X and G virus. Hepatitis X virus is called an unknown hepatitis, this is when a person cannot be linked with any of the hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E Virus. It is less serious, but can make the liver swell.
Hepatitis G virus is a situation in which the condition has little or no symptoms, and tends to be mild.

Symptoms of Hepatitis
The symptoms of hepatitis varies in accordance with its seriousness {whether acute or chronic}, it usually starts with mild symptoms. During an acute condition, the following symptoms can be noticed:

* diarrhea
* fatigue
* mild fever
* loss of weight
* vomitting
* abdominal pain
* nausea
* loss of appetite.

When the condition is becoming chronic, the following symptoms may accompany it:

* A very dark urine
* drowsiness and dizziness
* itchy skin
* Jaundice
* An enlarged spleen {common to hepatitis caused by alcohol}
* headaches {common to hepatitis caused by a toxin /drug}.

Treatment and recommended diet
Certain antibiotics are now available for the treatment of hepatitis. Consulting a doctor would be the best idea, as he will be able to identify the type of hepatitis and give adequate antibiotic prescriptions.
Apart from antibiotics, diet plays an important role in the treatment and even prevention of hepatitis. In case of hepatitis, a diet must be light, healthful, and nutritious.
The following foods should be increased in a patients diet;

VEGETABLES, VITAMIN C, ANTIOXIDANTS, FOLATES and B VITAMINS.

The following foods should also be reduced or completely eliminated;

ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, COFFEE, PROTEINS, SUGARS, VITAMIN A and SATURATED FAT.

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abbati
abbati
Abbati is a student from the department of Biological sciences, Ahmadu Bello Univeristy, Zaria. He loves learning about the medicinal properties of foods, and the need to explore them!

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