The word “anemia” literally means, “lack of blood”. However, it is used to describe a reduction in red blood (erythrocyte) cell count in the blood. These red blood cells gives the blood its characteristic red colour and also transport oxygen to all parts of the body.
Causes of anemia
• Insufficient blood production– The bone marrow constantly produces new blood cells with the aid of iron, folic acid, proteins and a variety of vitamins. Iron tends to be scarce in human body, and is required for new blood cells production in the bone marrow. Its deficiency brings about an anemia called “IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA”.
• Destruction of blood cells– When red blood cells are destroyed due to various causes and diseases, an anemia known as “HEMOLYTIC ANEMIA” may set in.
• Blood loss: When there is a blood loss in large quantity from the body, many blood cells are being lost, making the red blood cells count in the blood to be low. Hence, leading to an anemia.
Symptoms of anemia
The symptoms of anemia includes:
• Yellowing of the eyes and skin
• Paleness and coldness of the skin
• Shortness of breath
• Weakness of muscles
• Changed stool colour
• Low blood pressure
• Rapid heart beat rate
• Chest pain
• Heart attack
• Spleen enlargement
Recommended diets for anemia patients
Diet plays a vital role in control of anemia since food provides the necessary nutrients for blood cell production. These important nutrients include:
» FOLIC ACID
» VITAMIN B12.
» Vitamin B2
» Vitamin B6
» Vitamin C
» Vitamin E, and
Here is a list of foods that must be increased in a diet, in order to prevent/control anemia:
» RED BEET
» PASSION FRUIT
» VITAMIN B12, B, C and E.
Here is also a list of foods that must be reduced or completely eliminated to prevent/control anemia:
» ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGE
» TEA and
» WHEAT BRAN.